The word FATHOMLESS means “too deep to fathom” and with
respect to the universe, this can be applied both to its
physical depth, as well as to the difficulty in understanding
has long sought to find the smallest building block that
matter is made of. The journey has involved splitting the atom
and much work involving sub-atomic particles. The results take
us to smaller and smaller particles, most of which are very
short lived. But what all particles have in common is that
they liberate energy when attempts are made to “break”
arguments below hope to show that matter, radiation and forces
are all related and are the result of energy. They question
what energy is, whether space is something or nothing, what
nothing is, and from these conclusions, suggest the
possibility that the universe is composed of a single “energized
substance”, where space is the substance, and energy is the movement of
the substance which is detected as
matter, radiation and forces.
A true understanding of “nothing”
helps a finite universe with an ending to be visualized.
on, the question of what time is, is considered.
in the universe that can be experienced, that we are aware of, is
is mass and is made up of atoms, which are commonly
found in three forms: solids, liquids and gases.
Atoms are made up of
sub-atomic particles such as protons, neutrons and
are made up of elementary particles such as quarks,
leptons and bosons.
such as light, gamma rays and x-rays, radio waves, microwaves,
infrared radiation and ultraviolet rays are examples of
All of these
(electromagnetic radiation) are known collectively as the
electromagnetic spectrum and are similar in that they move at
186,000 miles per second, the speed of light and differ from
each other only with respect to the length of their
wavelength. The shorter the wavelength, the higher their
energy is. Matter constantly emits radiation of some sort.
Forces exist in
the form of gravitational fields, magnetic fields and
centripetal forces. They produce a change in the size, shape
or the motion of a body. Commonly experienced as a "push" or
Forces are always
associated with matter. Matter always has forces surrounding
Matter, radiation and
forces are all interrelated. They are not found independently.
universe is made up solely of matter, radiation and forces,
which are all different forms of energy.
The universe therefore
must be made up in its simplest form, solely of energy.
particles are accelerated with enough energy, Einstein’s
discovery that mass and energy are equivalent (E=MC2)
is proven because the resulting new particles gain mass and
are much heavier than the original particles. The energy that
is used to accelerate the particles makes more matter.
is defined as "the capacity of a body to do work."
definition does not give a "concrete", easy to
visualize answer to what energy is.
energy to any object of mass, whether the object is swinging,
rotating, moving in a straight line or vibrating and it will
move more quickly
the case of temperature, more thermal energy increases the
speed of movement of molecules and causes an increase in
energy to matter causes increased movement sub-atomically with
the probability of more electromagnetic radiation being given
the amount of energy in all cases will cause the speed of
their movements to slow.
there was no energy in the universe, all movement would cease.
No stars would shine, planets would not rotate, atoms would
not vibrate and there would be no electromagnetic radiation
such as light.
would be a cold, black and unchanging universe.
addition or subtraction of energy, without exception, has an
affect on movement.
Energy is equivalent to
is not all that the universe is composed of though.
is the other “ingredient” of the universe.
space there would be no distances, or dimensions - length,
breadth and thickness. There
would be no volume.
and radiation could not exist without space, there would be no
space for them to occupy or move around in.
space is a vacuum and thought of as being nothing, but it has
three dimensions, has a name, can be
imagined and is considered able to be distorted by the
presence of mass.
exists and is something.
cannot be pictured in the mind; it can have no name except
has no dimensions, no volume. It is not possible to move
around in nothing.
is not anything.
is very difficult to imagine nothing, as everything that is
known is something.
universe is considered to be expanding, however an infinite
universe cannot expand because it is already of limitless
size, so an expanding universe must be finite.
It is difficult to
imagine what one would find at the end of the universe.
I suggest "nothing", no
more matter or space or existence of any kind.
If one were journeying
by the edge of space, one would just continue around the
edge, not coming to a barrier of nothing as nothing could
not be detected as it does not exist.
radiation and forces are forms of energy. Energy
is their building block.
can be made from pure energy in extreme circumstances.
universe consists solely of energy and space.
energy causes faster movement. Without energy, no movements
would occur anywhere in the universe.
is the three dimensions. It is volume. Space exists and is
Nothing has no
dimensions, no volume. Nothing is non-existent.
is equivalent to movement.
and space are the two basic components of the universe.
What then is energy the movement of?
energy and space are the sole constituents of the universe,
the only possible answer is that:
ENERGY IS THE MOVEMENT OF SPACE!
"Moving Space" universe.
Space is a kind of medium.
It flows like a liquid or a
ot exactly like
a liquid or gas, because they are made of matter)
causes the movement of the medium.
Matter is created by the movements of space.
Depending on the amount of energy, its movement creates matter
or electromagnetic radiation.
space when it's not moving as "inert" and
It can only be detected
when it moves, as your body lying in
a still pool would only feel the water that moved against it.
did space or any first thing come from?
Getting "something from
nothing" cannot be imagined and there is no known answer
to how something can come from nothing.
quick, easy answer is “ What you measure with a clock”
is difficult to define and there is no agreed upon definition
at what happens as time passes and what would have to happen
for time not to pass gives an answer to what time is.
and without exception, everything on our planet and throughout
the universe is moving on one level or another. On the large
scale of galaxies and planets moving through space, to
animals, the sea or the air around us, to the level of atoms
vibrating or light travelling at high speed.
movements such as the Earth revolving around the Sun, and
spinning on its axis give rise to cycles that are predictable
and give us years, (months thanks to the Moon) and days.
are split up into hours, minutes and seconds, using a
timepiece such as a clock or watch.
timepiece uses a movement of one kind or another; the pendulum
or wheel moves constantly in a set, equal regular way and
ticks off one second at a time, giving a reading such as
readings are labels or names that are given to a specific
moment or instant of time; they can be referred back to later.
can agree upon what happened at any place on, or observable
from Earth at say 2.50pm GMT on
Friday 12 December 2003 thanks to the label that is called
timepiece uses a movement to measure movement.
measurement of time is therefore a measure of the movement of
matter and energy through space.
everything in the universe were to stop moving, then time
pendulum would be still, nothing anywhere would move or change
position. Time would stop. All would be caught in a timeless
moment, like a photograph.
time to occur both matter and space need to exist; matter to
be moved and space for matter to move around in.
measurement of time is purely mathematical, numbers
specifically pinpointing moments of time.
is conceptual and has been invented because man has a memory.
memory, time would have no meaning and would never have been
numbers or memory, time would simply be movement, as there
would be no intelligence, memory or number system to relate
occurrences to each other.
enables the position (a relative coordinate) of any and all
objects (matter) in space to be pinpointed at a specific
moment and “labelled” with a time. Their change in
position (movement) can be followed.
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