arguments below hope to demonstrate that matter, radiation and forces
are equivalent and are the result of energy.
what energy is, whether space is something or nothing, what
nothing is, and from these conclusions, suggest the
possibility that the universe is composed of a single energized
substance, where space is the substance, and energy is the movement of
the substance which is detected as
matter, radiation and forces.
A true understanding of “nothing”
helps a finite universe with an ending to be visualized.
The question of what time is, is
in the universe that is detectable is
radiation or force.
Matter, is mass, made up
of atoms and found as solids, liquids and gases.
Atoms are made up of
sub-atomic particles such as protons, neutrons and
are made up of elementary particles such as quarks,
leptons and bosons.
is a spectrum with different wavelengths that all travel
constantly at 186,000 miles per second and consists of
visible light, gamma rays, x-rays, radio waves, microwaves,
infrared radiation and ultraviolet rays.
Matter constantly emits radiation of some sort.
Forces exist in
the form of gravitational fields, magnetic fields and
They produce a change in the size, shape
or the motion of a body exerting a push or a pull.
Forces are always
associated with matter. Matter always has forces surrounding
Matter, radiation and
forces are all made of energy. E
nergy is their simplest
particles are accelerated with enough energy, that energy results
in new particles that have more mass than their originals.
is defined as "the capacity of a body to do work" - not a
energy to any matter, whether it's swinging,
rotating, moving in a straight line or vibrating and it will
move more quickly and faster molecular movement causes an
increase in temperature.
there was no energy in the universe it would not exist.
All movement would cease, no stars would shine, planets would not rotate, atoms would
not vibrate and there would be no electromagnetic radiation
such as light.
would be a cold, black and unchanging universe.
Energy is equivalent to
is the other “ingredient” of the universe.
When empty as a vacuum it
is thought of as being nothing but it has volume, three dimensions, can be
imagined and is considered able to be distorted by the
presence of mass. Matter and radiation move around in it.
exists and is something.
cannot be pictured in the mind, it has no dimensions or
It is not possible to move
around in nothing.
Nothing has no dimensions,
no volume, it is nil, zero, not anything.
universe is considered to be expanding, however an infinite
universe cannot expand because it is already of limitless
size, so an expanding universe must be finite.
If you were journeying at the end of the universe
more matter or space existed, you would just continue around
the edge, not knowing you were there, not coming to a
barrier of nothing as nothing is undetectable and is not
Moving Space universe.
I suggest that energy is the movement of space.
Space being a kind of
medium which is inert and undetectable until it moves, as
your body lying in a still pool would only feel the water
that moved against it.
Depending on the combination of movements, matter
or electromagnetic radiation are produced.
did space or any first thing come from?
Getting "something from
nothing" cannot be imagined and there is no known answer
to how something can come from nothing.
At least, not yet.
quick answer is “ What you measure with a clock”
but there is no agreed definition
Considering what happens as time passes and what would have to happen
for time not to pass delivers us the answer to what time is.
Constantly and without
exception, everything is moving. On our planet animals, the
sea or the air around us, and throughout the universe,
galaxies and planets are moving through space. Atoms
are vibrating and light waves are travelling all around us.
Some movements such as the
Earth revolving around the Sun and spinning on its axis give
rise to cycles that are predictable and give us years,
months, and days.
We use a timepiece such as
a watch to split our days
are up into hours, minutes and seconds.
timepiece uses a movement - a pendulum
or wheels, to regularly count off seconds and give us a time reading.
These readings can be used
as a coordinate, to label a unique specific
moment in time and space.
everything in the universe were to stop moving, then time
pendulum would be still, nothing anywhere would move or change
All would be caught in a timeless
moment, as in a photograph.
time to occur both matter and space need to exist; matter to
be moved and space for matter to move around in.
measurement of time is purely mathematical and is used because
humans have a memory and want to be able to refer to past
events and plan for future ones.
human minds, time would simply be movement, as there
would be no intelligence, memory or number system to relate
occurrences to each other.